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Chee et al (2010) found that Whites have larger brains than East Asians.Finally, Tang et al (2010) found that Whites have longer brains than East Asians while East Asians have wider and taller brains than Whites.Gould also accused Morton of excluding data from his tables that increased the racial disparity in brain size in favor of Whites.Both of these accusations have been shown to be false.There are at least six lines of evidence to suggest that genes explain part of these racial differences: the differences are present at birth, around the world, the Black/White brain size gap is not smaller today than it was 100 years ago, mixed race individuals have brain sizes in-between their parent’s races, and, finally, traits that typically co-evolve with brain size differ racially in a way that mirrors brain size differences.Moreover, there is reason to think that climate was an important evolutionary factor driving these changes.Unfortunately, all of these studies have very limited sample sizes and, with the exception of Tang et al, failed to control for differences in the sexual composition of racial samples.
As we’ve seen, some of these methods are controversial.
Autopsy work done in the late 2000’s found that Whites averaged the largest brains, followed by, East Asians, followed by Blacks (Rushton and Ankney, 2009).
This same method has been used to confirm the Back/White/Asian brain size disparity for well over a century: Source: Rushton (1995) Tobias (1970) offered a highly influential critique of this literature which in turn was cited and popularized by Gould.
Beals (1984) aggregated data on roughly 20,000 subjects from past studies which showed East Asians having the largest skulls followed by Whites followed by Blacks.
LKLKLI A famous critique of this line of work was launched by Gould (1981) who argued that researchers involved in this work, most famously the 19th century anthropologist Samuel Morton, unconsciously allowed their racist views to cause them to back material more tightly into White skulls than into Black skulls and thus inflate the racial difference.
Morton’s skulls were re-examined by modern researchers who reproduced Morton’s results, and the data that Gould accused Morton of omitting was actually included by Morton in the same book that Gould cited, just on different pages (Lewis et al. Gould was thus exposed as nothing more than a petty propagandist who believed that his clout in academia would prevent people from noticing his deceit.