Validating the mini nutritional assessment

C’est pourquoi on a préparé des lignes directrices probantes détaillant l’épidémiologie, l’étiologie microbienne, les facteurs de risque et les manifestations cliniques de la PN et de la PVA.De plus, une démarche axée sur les données disponibles, l’opinion d’experts et les pratiques courantes de prestation des soins au sein du système de santé canadien ont permis de déterminer les schèmes de stratification des risques afin de favoriser un diagnostic pertinent, la prise en charge antimicrobienne et la prise en charge non antimicrobienne de la PN et de la PVA.A standard grading system was used to classify each recommendation according to its strength (A–E) and quality of the evidence (–) ().The present document covers the epidemiology, etiology, clinical manifestations of disease, risk factors for infection, strategies and approaches to diagnosis, antimicrobial and nonantimicrobial therapies in HAP and VAP and, finally, the role of prevention and risk reduction.In addition, HAP and VAP produce the highest mortality associated with nosocomial infection.As a result, evidence-based guidelines were prepared detailing the epidemiology, microbial etiology, risk factors and clinical manifestations of HAP and VAP.

Finally, prevention and risk-reduction strategies to reduce the risk of acquiring these infections were collated.

Dans l’ensemble, la PN et la PVA constituent la deuxième cause d’infection nosocomiale en importance, mais la principale cause documentée à l’unité de soins intensifs.

De plus, la PN et la PVA produisent le plus fort taux de mortalité imputable à une infection nosocomiale.

For epidemiological purposes, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention state that all patients older than 12 months of age who meet at least one of the criteria listed in are considered to have HAP ().

HAP has been subdivided into pneumonias that occur on the ward and those that arise in the intensive care unit (ICU) (ICU HAP).

The present document, initiated and prepared jointly by the Association of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Disease Canada and the Canadian Thoracic Society, is an evidence-based guideline for the management of HAP and VAP.

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Validating the mini nutritional assessment introduction

Validating the mini nutritional assessment